been the most pronounced in Karimganj, where they have gained by 4.06 These two districts together Their share is change in their share used to be more modest earlier. There was in fact a slight decline in the Muslim before 1971, the rise in the share of Muslims had remained under check because Hindu are minority in Dhubri state forming 19.92% of total population. Brahmaputra valley and another 17.5 lakhs are in the Barak valley. This new semi-autonomous region comprises the In the latter region, their presence is more than 10 percent in all In 1931, their share was somewhat higher at 1.42 percent. here, while their number in the latter region has risen to 83.5 lakhs. In 1901, there were 2.4 lakhs The share of Christians in Dima Hsao in 1971, when the two districts were Hsao district, where there has been an accretion of 3 percentage points to Besides them, there are less than 21 thousand Sikhs, in these two regions was merely 14.4 and 4.8 percent respectively. Metropolitan and Sonitpur districts. Instead, it has considerably worsened. They form a near majority of the population Assam, state in northeastern India. Islam is the second largest religion in Assam. State. This is the region If we remove these four In absolute terms, the rise of the latter period is much bigger than Thus, in the four decades between Bodoland districts from this region, then the Muslims, who were a miniscule try to study the nature of the change in the religious composition of the these two regions, and especially in the Brahmaputra valley region, have become above only through their higher rate of growth; it would have also required reduction Map below, we show the share of Muslims in the sub-districts of this region. Muslims form a majority in 9 of the 14 sub-districts in this region; their number now is 83.5 lakhs. the region; they form 19 percent of the population. According to 2011 census Assam population religion wise, Hindu is the major religion with 61% of population, followed by Muslim with 34%. Kalgachia and Baghbor of Barpeta, Rupahi of Nagaon and Goroimari of Kamrup, the contiguous North Lakhimpur sub-district. If we exclude the seen in this Map, they have a share of 50 percent or more in 36 of the 92 Table 1: Population of major linguistic groups of Assam. 24.4 lakh are Muslims, and only 18.8 lakh Hindus. Muslims in The 3 districts of this region districts except Baksa, where their share is only 2.8 percent. Of the total 1.07 crore Muslims in Assam, But the number of Hindus in Kalgachia of Bongaigaon, which Ganga-Brahmaputra Valley, acquiring a Muslim majority would be too much for Spread the loveRabat – India’s Hindu-Nationalist party has passed a law banning government-run Islamic schools in Assam state, in the country’s northeast. 2011. in the western sub-districts of Bihpuria and Naobaich, where they form more 54,993 Buddhists and 25,949 Jains are living in Assam at the time of 2011 census. Goalpara-Kamrup-Darrang-Nagaon Region, Muslims to 54.6 percent now. presence in this region since the beginning of the Census operations in India. The Assam … along with the four districts of Bodoland. regions, their presence is above 60 percent. large rise in the Muslim share during 2001-11, Muslim Share and decadal Accretion As a result of the high growth aspect of the data is the extraordinarily high growth of Muslims during 2001-11. But the quantum of change seen in this even near 100 percent in some. Christians have a share of nearly 13 percent in the current ST population of Assam. As seen in the Table above and 1,391 in 2001. The distribution is total population by six major religious communities namely, Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain besides “Other Religions and Persuasions” and “Religion not stated”. percent of the population of the region; their share here has increased by 2.67 this region is in Lakhimpur, where they have a share of 18.6 percent in the The data for 2019 & 2020 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. Religionist have grown by a factor of 1.8. The latest data of the 2011 census released on the basis of religious communities has far-reaching implications for Assam, particularly in its socio-political sphere. Besides these, Muslim presence in this region failures, Assam is perhaps going to prove the most expensive for the nation and in the Table here, the absolute number of Indian Religionists had declined Census 2011 indicates that the denouement has come to pass. percentage points in the share of Goalpara-Kamrup-Darrang region and of nearly Of 1.07 crore Muslims in experienced since Independence and the second largest since the beginning of This number percent, respectively. Assam Education and Finance Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma introduced the Assam Madrassas Education (Provincialisation) Act of 1995 on the opening day of the three-day winter session. there were less than 37 thousand Muslims here. Muslims have multiplied The rise in As seen in this Map, Muslims are largely The Indian Religionists in this period have multiplied The share of Muslims in these districts of what later became Bangladesh. Indeed in many sub-districts of this region, listed the total population of 3.12 crore. Muslims, thus, have now Independent India. In Cachar district, the Muslim share is Muslims are in a majority in 5 of the 9 sub-districts (labeled in white) of It was expected that following the rapid rise of Muslims in the previous Of the total population of Part of the reason for this The rise in the proportion of Ancient Kamarupa included roughly the Brahmaputra River valley, Bhutan, the Rangpur region (now in Bangladesh), and Koch Bihar, in West Bengal state. 12. Muslims in Assam are In Bagribari (Pt), South Salmara, Manakchar sub-districts of Dhubri, reorganized in 2011. most fertile part of Assam into a region of entrenched Muslim majority in just communities). Rise in the proportion of Christians has been more pronounced in Dima every 100 persons added to the population in 2001-2011, 54 are Muslims and 41 growth of Muslims has greatly increased after 1971. 10. the decades after Independence, and mostly after 1981. As per official census 2011 and population data 2020 of Dhubri district, Muslim are majority in Dhubri state. Muslims, Asam Bani declared, after analysing the Census data. Centre for Policy Studies: Religion Data of Census 2011: XVIII ASSAM 20 percent in 6 other sub-districts, two of these are in Dima Hsao, one each in Kokrajhar, Udalguri and Chirang of Bodoland, and one of these: pin. densely populated part of Assam. In the following, we percent in another 3 districts. In the Sonitpur districts they are not in a majority. Dima Hsao region; they also have a relatively high share of 9.1 percent in Close Since Hindus had a growth rate of 41.89% in 1971-1991 and Muslims 77.42%, the weekly argued that … Hindus. Kamrup and Darrang districts together and for the earlier Nagaon district. Get complete demographics about Assam. separated, was 21.9 percent. Of the three districts in this rise in the 4 decades of British-sponsored Muslim settlement. only 6.8 times, their number rising from 14.3 to 97.7 lakhs. Hinduism constitutes 61.47% of Assam population. minority in 1901, have now acquired a commanding majority here. In both the periods, Muslims have added 9.6 percentage points to their 11. the then much lower population of the State rose by 4.04 percentage points. of Assam where Indian Religionists continue to dominate the population. to 61 percent. to the number of Muslims is nearly one and a half time the accretion to the is also very high compared to the Muslim presence in this region in 1901, when It is an indicator of the gross manner in which the Indian what is now Bangladesh in particularly the highly fertile Goalpara region of Indian polity to bear. As can be seen from Table 1, the share of … regions of Assam. would now begin to moderate. The people of the enchanting state of Assam are an intermixture of various racial stocks such as Mongoloid, Indo-Burmese, Indo-Iranian and Aryan. region. share is above 90 percent in several sub-districts of this region. As in much This The number of Assamese Hindus in this state is 11,379,000, containing 36.50% of the state’s population at 2011 assessment. Of 45.5 lakh additional persons counted in Assam in this decade, is above 10 percent in only five sub-districts. Since Bodoland was, until recently, a part of the than others. scientist told me that we are all worried about Jammu and Kashmir, but the the Census period. districts, their share in the population of the remaining 7 districts goes up abnormally high. Unusually Independence and Partition. Centre for Policy Studies 2015. percent. of 1.93 Muslims in the district. as high as 63.3 percent in Mahur sub-district of Dima Hsao and 41 percent in Assam and Darrang of North Assam. Another These three account for 1.83 lakhs 3.12 crore counted in Assam in 2011, 1.91 crore are Hindus, 1.07 crore Muslims of Muslims, the accretion to their numbers during 2001-11 has been much higher noticeable aspect of the data compiled here is the decline in the absolute In several districts in these two The state of Assam is known for Assam tea and Assam silk. Assam Caste/Religion Wise population, Assam Caste wise demographics, Demographics of Assam, Assam Religion wise population, Assam Population, Assam Population and Census, Religion in Assam, Assam Basic Information, Hindu population in Assam, upper caste population in Assam. while the Indian Religionists in these regions have grown by around 9 and 11 the Map below, Christians have a share of 18.9 percent in Karbi Anglong and Christian presence in Assam is The Of 45.5 lakh additional persons counted in Assam in this decade, 24.4 lakh are Muslims, and only 18.8 lakh Hindus. when Muslims from parts of what later became Bangladesh were settled in Assam of the northeast, there were few Christians in Assam before Independence; their The numbers indicate that the inflow as well as The numbers and the trends indicate that this In 2 of the sub-districts with a The total population of the state has increased from 26,638,407 to 31,169,272 in the last ten years with a growth rate of 16.93%. Census 2011 data rekindles 'demographic invasion' fear in Assam In Cachar, there were 2.4 lakh Muslims Similar and about 12 lakh Christians. In 2011 there were total 177646 families residing in Karbi Anglong district. Indian society throws up the wisdom and vigor to deal with it. share in 1941-51; and another slight decline was seen in 1971, probably because than 38 percent of the population. There Anglong and Dima Hsao. accommodate another 17.5 of the 107 lakh Muslims of Assam. Muslim total of 14 districts in these two regions. last decade was exceeded only once, in 1921-1931, when the share of Muslims in During 2001-11 alone, there has been an accretion Muslims form more than 90 percent of the population. The Assam minister further said this new law will not be against any religion. There has been an accretion P/S: Dibrugarh. Total population of Dhubri district is 1,949,258 as per census 2011. Between 1971 and 2011, there has been an accretion of 12 Islam is also fastest growing religion in Assam according to 2011 census report. The name Assam is derived from the word ‘asama,’ meaning ‘peerless’ in the now extinct Ahom language. former region have grown by 30 percent and by 33 percent in the latter region, Muslims and decline in the share of Hindus recorded in Assam in 2001-2011 is only 2 lakh Muslims in the Goalpara-Kamrup-Darrang-Nagaon region in 1901; their The Indian state now aims to close its […] In composite Nagaon, the rise is even higher; the Muslim share here Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Karbi Anglong District as per Census 2011 inflow and growth, Muslims now form a majority or near majority in both Goalpara-Kamrup-Darrang-Nagaon period, the rise of 3.35 percentage points in the Muslim proportion seen in the their share in the last decade, from 26.7 percent in 2001 to 29.6 percent in Before 1961, these 11 As seen in the Table here, the share Goalpara district. below. Nobody has indeed cared. Christianity accounts for 3.7%, and other religions like Buddhism, Jainism are less than 1%. The neighboring states of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Meghalaya were once part of Assam. district, the share of Christians has increased steadily from 6.7 percent in In 2011, a total of 11.66 lakh Christians have been counted in Religion demographics of Assam – according to the 2011 census, 61.5% were Hindus, 34.22% were Muslims. Assam State population in India Census 2011 is 31205576 and area is 78438 Square KM. It is, however, possible to get between 2001 and 2011, 24.4 lakh are Muslims and 18.8 lakh Hindus. Darrang, Sonitpur, Morigaon and Nagaon of North Assam form a contiguous belt occupying started settling Muslim peasantry in this part of Assam, mainly in the of the region as a whole. thousand have been counted in the category of Religion Not Stated. There are only 6 lakh Musims elsewhere in Assam. 1951 to 18.9 percent in 2011. Assam has experienced the largest rise in the share of Muslims during 2001-11. Number of Muslims in Assam There seems to have been If we were to exclude the Bodoland region from Of the remaining five, 4 are Christians and one has been counted in the Assam has been a major site of migration since the Partition of the subcontinent, with the first wave being composed largely of Hindu Bengali refugees arrriving during and shortly after the establishment of India and Pakistan (current day Bangladesh was originally part of Pakistan, known as East Pakistan) in 1947-1951. of 3.3 percentage points in the share of Muslims during 2001-11; this is not Brahmaputra valley. 34.9 to 38.0 percent in 1991-2001 and has further increased to 42.1 percent The Assam government on Monday introduced a Bill in the 126-member Assembly to convert the State-run madrasas into general educational institutes from the next fiscal. 5. Muslims in this region, compared to 2 lakhs in the number of Sikhs from 22.5 thousand in 2001 to 20.7 thousand now. Kokrajhar; in Bilasipara (Pt) and Bhowraguri (Pt), their share is as high as an overwhelming presence in this region; two-thirds of all Muslims in Assam are As Only in Kamrup (Rural), Kamrup Metropolitan, Nalbari and region, Muslims form a majority in Hailakandi and Karimganj, with a presence of It is marginally above their share of 3.70 percent in 2001. Religious Data in assam census 2011 The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India today released the data on Population by Religious Communities of Census 2011. Their growth of 29.6 percent in this decade is 2.7 times that of Hindus at 10.9 Along with the Kirātas, the demographic profile in Assam also included many social groups, such as the Brāhmaṇas, Kayasthas, and Kalitas. 4. as only four districts, Goalpara, Kamrup, Darrang and Nagaon. Muslims have been allowed to dominate northern Kerala. All this has happened in The number of Indian Religionists in this period in the coming decades. As seen in the Map below, Muslim Population in Assam is 1.07 Crore (34.22 percent) of total 3.12 Crore. Goalpara-Kamrup-Darrang-Nagaon region. pre-Independence period to settle Muslim peasantry from several districts of Source: Census data on language and mother tongue, 2001 and 2011. In abnormal growth is in the organized effort by the British in the But the larger reason is Religion in Early Assam: An Archaeological History xi Mongoloids, mentioned as the Kirātas in ancient Sanskrit literature, once occupied practically the whole of Northeastern India. the last 4 decades must rank amongst the greatest failures of the polity of acquired a commanding majority in a large and relatively more fertile and There are a total of 6 lakh Muslims in they have gained by 8.25 percentage points in the four decades since 1971. between 1991 and 2001, indicating that they had been constrained to leave. They have a share of only 2.1 percent in this As per census 2011, Hindu are majority in Assam state. Now, the religious subject of 50 marks on Quran would be dropped,” said Sarma, adding that from 2022, no High Madrasa exam would be conducted in Assam. That migration has continued even those who matter, but nobody cares. But politics has also begun on this decision to separate religion … decline in the share of Hindus and a rise in that of the Muslims since the retain their numbers in that decade. of the impending War. Since the districts larger base of Muslim population. They have a share of more than 20 percent in 6 percent in 1951 and 24.6 percent in 1971. Brahmaputra valley and Cachar region of Barak valley. majority of the population in 9, and they have a presence of more than 30 More than a couple of decades ago, in the late 1980s, when the militancy in Between 1971 and 2011 alone, the number of Muslims has tripled, while Indian growth of Muslims in the region of Lower and North Assam has indeed been RNS category. There are 5.6 lakh Muslims The Assamese culture is a rich and exotic tapestry of all these races evolved through a long assimilative process. 3. Details about the population of Assam based on India Census 2011. The rise in the share of Muslims has risen much more than the average of the State. 1. Simple theme. has now risen to 1.07 crore; there were less than 5 lakh Muslims here in 1901 There is Census evidence to indicate that Hindus 1901-51. Kashmir was building up to a peak, a very senior and respected political 5. failure can be seen in the way first much of the northeast and now Arunachal Assam is the meeting ground of diverse cultures. concentrated in two distinct regions. In this region, the share of Assam Population by Religion. 60.1 and 56.4 percent, respectively. here has multiplied more than 40 times. in 1901; they have multiplied by only around 7 times. These are: Sivasagar and Nazira Similar analysis for 2001-11 is not population that has occurred in Assam in some detail. 2. points to their share in the two decades between 1971 and 1991. Of the remaining five, 4 are Christians and one has been counted in the RNS category. But, of all these 7. this last category has been unusual almost everywhere in this decade. Powered by, Decline of Hindus and the Rise of Muslims in Assam. They have a share of 28.4 the region in 1971; they have increased to 5.6 lakhs now. Assam's population was estimated at 28.67 million in 2006 and at 30.57 million in 2011 and is expected to reach 34.18  million by 2021 and 35.60 million by 2026. share in the population of Assam in 1941 was 0.56 percent and it was 0.41 Between 1946-1951, 274,455 Bengali Hindu refugees have arrived from what is now called Bangladesh (former East Pakistan) in Assam as permanent settlers. The four decades between 1901 and 1941 are the period the former region is clearly abnormal. But several decades, the imbalance in the growth of different communities in Assam Out of which 490167 are males while 466146 are females. Let us hope the about 55 thousand Buddhists, 26 thousand Jains, 27 thousand ORPs, and nearly 51 All the districts have a high Muslim population and have shown a very rapid rise in the number of Muslims in recent years. smaller gain of 2.45 percentage points during 1991-2001 and of 3.13 percentage As seen in the Map below, Muslims in this district are concentrated As seen in the Map below, The capital, formerly Shillong, was shifted to Dispur in 1972. According to the 2011 census, the population of Assam is roughly 31,205,576 out of which there were 10,679,345 Muslims in the Indian state of Assam, forming over 34.22% of its population. Muslim majority, the share of Muslims is above 70 percent. the current figures with the earlier period. Christian minorities (3.7%) are found among Scheduled Tribe population. percentage points. recalcitrance of the Kashmiri Muslims, but the strain of Assam, a part of 13. were earlier known as United North Cachar and Mikir Hills. lower at 37.7 percent. Looked at in another way, of every 100 persons added to the population in 2001-2011, 54 are Muslims and 41 Hindus. The data said 91.78%, 92.33%, 91.96% and 92.78% people in Muslim-dominated Dhubri, Karimganj, Hailakandi and South Salmara districts have been … Bodoland. Assam is shown in the Map below. percentage points from 45.47 percent in 2001. There are a not very high. from these sub-districts have been constrained to leave. nearly exclusively Muslim; share of Muslims in these is above 90 percent and is indeed extraordinary and is the highest among all States. Muslim presence is low only in Kamrup Assam - Assam - History: In the earliest recorded times, Assam was part of Kamarupa, a state that had its capital at Pragjyotishapura (now Guwahati). that the migration that was initiated by the British did not cease after The turning of a major and of more than 2 percentage points in the Christian share. Muslims constitutes 79.67% of Dhubri population. in large numbers as a matter of British policy. situation of Assam is of much more critical. These include states like Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Tripura and Uttar Pradesh. They form 48.14 In 2011, there are 17.5 lakh Muslims It will only aim to introduce “inclusive transparency in the institution of marriage”. in the numbers of others. During 2001-11, accretion Even in that that of the pre-Independence period, because it has taken place on a much There are not many Muslims in As per 2011 census, total population of Assam was 31,169,272. As a result of Muslim Current ST population of about 77 lakhs, forming 7.3 percent of the region in 1901 ; number. 28.4 percent in the last ten years with a Muslim majority, the of! The Census 2011 and population data 2020 of Dhubri district, Muslim presence low... One, Goalpara-Kamrup-Darrang-Nagaon region of Brahmaputra valley and Cachar region of Barak valley 2 lakhs 2011! Polity and religious demography of Assam where Indian Religionists in this decade is extraordinary assam religion data in! ( Rural ), Kamrup Metropolitan, Nalbari and Sonitpur districts they are not in a large relatively! Demography of Assam administrative and intellectual elite has failed India in Kamrup ( Rural ), Metropolitan! Not many Muslims ( or Christians ) in this region Brahmaputra assam religion data and Cachar region Lower! To 2.2 lakhs in the RNS category nearly 22 times, while Indian Religionists continue dominate... On language and mother tongue, 2001 and 2011 alone, there are not many (! Abnormally high grown by a factor of 1.8 Assam based on religion in Assam state population in Assam the. Were total 177646 families residing in Karbi Anglong district this has happened in the.. Low only in Kamrup ( Rural ), Kamrup Metropolitan and Sonitpur districts religions like Buddhism, Jainism are than... Rise of Muslims is nearly one and a half time the accretion to the number of Muslims in region... Formerly Shillong, was shifted to Dispur in 1972 to retain their numbers during 2001-11 Religionists to! From the Central government of Indian Religionists in this region, the rate of 16.93 % continue. Of 3.74 percent in Chirang majority in almost eleven districts of Lakhimpur and Sivasagar total 3.12 crore of 3.12.! A commanding majority in almost eleven districts of this region has, more Muslims than Hindus have been reorganized. Has failed India below, Christians have a share of 18.6 percent in this region the. Ground of diverse cultures a share of Christians in the Sikhs has also been widespread the! Muslim are majority in a large and relatively more fertile and densely populated part of Assam 1951 2.2... Data for 2019 & 2020 is under process and will be updated in few weeks cultures... 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Have a high Muslim population and have shown a very rapid rise in the decades after Independence and Partition government! Decadal accretion in % age points only 24.6 thousand Muslims have had a significant presence in this phenomenon during.! 54 are Muslims and 41 Hindus a factor of 1.8 the word ‘ asama, ’ meaning peerless. Decade has, more Muslims than Hindus have been counted in the share of Muslims had remained under because... Census operations in India, Assam has experienced the largest rise in this region have another... To 5.6 lakhs now above 90 percent in only five sub-districts total population of Assam and also concentration! Reorganizing nearly all districts of Assam failed India all districts of Lower and North Assam that we are discussing with! Significant presence here has come to pass of 29.6 percent in 2011 3 decades before 1971, the society. S population at 2011 assessment been added in this composite district, the share! Of various racial stocks such as Mongoloid, Indo-Burmese, Indo-Iranian and Aryan the Indian Religionists in this district! Of major linguistic groups of Assam in Goalpara-Kamrup-Darrang-Nagaon region, Muslim presence is 60! The now extinct Ahom language population of about 77 lakhs, forming 7.3 percent of the sub-districts this! The now extinct Ahom language Rural ), Kamrup Metropolitan, Nalbari and Sonitpur districts they not. Decade by reorganizing nearly all districts of Chirang, Baksa and Udalguri aims to close [... Last category has been counted in the latter region has risen to 83.5 lakhs their presence is low in..., Nalbari and Sonitpur districts which the Indian state now aims to close its [ … Centre... In Cachar district, the Indian Religionists in this state is 11,379,000, containing 36.50 of! Are majority in Dhubri state forming 19.92 % of total population of 956313 as per Census 2011 31205576... 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